Will green building development take off? An exploratory study of barriers to green building in Vietnam


Green building (GB) is one of the most effective solutions to increase the efficiency of buildings through resource utilisation and recycling, mitigating the negative impact of the construction industry on the environment. As a construction innovation, GB has faced numerous challenges to its penetration into a market crowded with conventional buildings. Studies of GB barriers have been conducted around the world, including the United States, Europe, Australia and Asia, but they are scarce in Vietnam and limited to individual perspectives.

This paper identifies 41 barriers to GB in Vietnam from the literature and validates them by a survey of 215 construction professionals and government officers. Principal Component Analysis in Exploratory Factor Analysis is used to reveal that, while legislative and institutional barriers are widely perceived as the most challenging obstacles, social and cognitive barriers as a whole represent the main hindrances involved. Final remarks include policy recommendations for GB adoption in Vietnam and suggestions for further research.


Green building, Vietnam, Barriers, Factor analysis, Exploratory findings


Hong-Trang Nguyen(*), Martin Skitmore(*), Matthew Gray(*), Xiaoling Zhang(**), Ayokunle Olubunmi Olanipekun(*)

(*) School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment, Science and Engineering Faculty, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Gardens Point Campus, Brisbane, 4001, Australia
(**) Department of Public Policy, Urban Research Group, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China



• Green building in Vietnam is in its infancy and the number of projects is growing slowly.
• The development of green buildings is challenged by 41 barriers.
• They are represented by social, economic, legislative and technical components.
• Legislative procedures and costs are ranked among the most important barriers.
• The government should regulate the rating systems and enhance public awareness.